CLAT 2023- Registration, Fees, Eligibility, Exam Pattern & Syllabus:

CLAT 2023: Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is an all-India entrance examination for admissions to under-graduate and post-graduate degree programmes (LL. B & LL.M), conducted by National Law Universities.  

This CLAT UG exam is conducted for admission to BA LLB, BBA LLB, BSc L.L.B., BCom L.L.B., BSW LLB, and CLAT PG for L.L.M. courses. The conducting body for these exams is the Consortium of National Law Universities. CLAT is conducted once a year in an offline mode and English language.

Here, findmecollege has laid down below a detailed structure of CLAT, including its registration process, exam fees, eligibility, exam pattern as well as syllabus:

CLAT 2023

CLAT 2023 Highlights

Name of the exam Common-Law Admission Test
Popularly known as CLAT
Conducting bodyThe consortium of National Law Universities (NLUs) 
What is new in CLAT?There are two CLAT exams in 2022:- CLAT 2022 conducted on June 19, 2022 (originally scheduled for May 8)- CLAT 2023 exam, scheduled to be conducted on December 18, 2022 
Courses offered5-year integrated LLB program, One-year LLM program
Exam feeINR 4,000 for General, OCI, PIO, PWD, NRI categories, and INR 3,500 for SC, ST, and BPL/EWS candidates
Exam modePen-and-paper exam
Exam duration2 hours
CLAT 2023 exam date18-Dec-2022
Number of applications60,895 (2022), 70,277 (2021)  
Number of test-takers5,6472 (2022), 62,106 (2021)
Number of seatsFor UG courses – 2, 644, and for PG courses – 914(Not including sponsored, supernumerary, NRI, and extra seats.)To read more about CLAT score accepting institutes
CounselingCandidates will be shortlisted for counseling based on their CLAT 2023 scores. The number of candidates invited will be five times the number of available seats in each category.
Accepting collegesThe consortium includes 22 participating NLUs that will only accept CLAT scores for admission to 5-year LLB and one-year LLB courses.In addition, there are 61 affiliate colleges that will offer admission on the basis of CLAT scores.  
Top-ranked participating NLUHere are top-ranking participating NLUs as per NIRF Ranking 2021NLSIU Bengaluru – Rank 1NALSAR – Rank 3WBNUJS Kolkata – Rank 4To check the full list
Exam helpdesk number 08047162020
Official website

CLAT 2023 Important Dates

Events of CLAT 2023CLAT 2023 Dates
CLAT 2023 application begins08-Aug-2022
Publishing of first sample questions setAnytime in Sep 2022
First Open Campus Visit day (Only for CLAT 2023 registered candidates)Anytime in Sep 2022
Publishing of second sample questions set14-Oct-2022
Second Open Campus Visit day (Only for CLAT 2023 registered candidates)22-Oct-2022
Publishing of third sample questions set Anytime in October 2022
Last date to apply for CLAT 202313-November-2022
CLAT 2023 admit card release15 days before the exam date
CLAT 2023 exam dateNot released
CLAT 2023

Registration Process & Fees: CLAT 2023

  • For CLAT UG and P.G., Online registration can be done by first registering themselves by clicking on the registration tab available on the portal available for the CLAT exam. After that application form is to be filled, required documents are to be submitted and payment of registration fees.
  • For the registration process, candidates must provide their personal information, educational qualification details, preference for national law universities, reservation details, etc.
  • CLAT application form can be found on the official CLAT website (
  • Documents required for registration process are– Class 10th and 12th Marksheet, Mobile no. and Email id, Photograph, Signature, Category Certificate for SC/ST/OBC Candidates, Relevant Certificate for P.W.D. Candidates, Relevant Certificate for BPL Candidates (photograph 4 K.B. to 50 K.B. in the JPG/JPEG format and the signature should be in the size of 1 K.B. to 30 K.B. in the JPG/JPEG format and other documents in pdf format).
  • Application Fee for GENERAL & O.B.C. is Rs. 4000, and for S.C., S.T. is Rs. 3500.
  • A CLAT admits card is issued to the candidate for appearing in the exam who fills and submits the application form on or before the last date as prescribed.

Eligibility: CLAT 2023

  • There is no upper age limit for CLAT UG and P.G.
  • The candidate who has completed 10+2 with the required score from a recognized institution is eligible for the CLAT UG exam.
  • A minimum of 45% marks are requisite for General, O.B.C. & SAP categories, and a minimum of 40% marks are requisite for S.C. & S.T. categories in the qualifying exam.
  • Those who want to appear in CLAT PG should have completed graduation in L.L.B. (3-year L.L.B. or 5-year L.L.B.) from a university recognized by BCI.
  • Minimum of 40% marks are requisite for General, O.B.C. & SAP, and a minimum of 35% marks are requisite for S.C. & S.T. categories in the qualifying examination.

Note: Candidates appearing in the qualifying and L.L.B. Final year examinations are also eligible for CLAT UG & CLAT PG, respectively. Such candidates will be given admission if they submit the qualification certificates and documents at seat allotment.

Candidates appearing in the qualifying exam and CLAT in the same year must score the minimum required marks in the qualifying exam. If a candidate cracks CLAT but fails to secure minimum marks in the qualifying exam, they will stand disqualified from the admission process.

CategoryUG programPG program
DurationTwo hoursTwo hours
ModeOffline modeOffline mode
Type of QuestionsObjective-type, comprehension-based questionsObjective-type, comprehension-based questions
Number of Questions150120
Subjects English LanguageCurrent Affairs, including GKLegal ReasoningLogical ReasoningQuantitative TechniquesConstitutional LawOther Law Subjects, including Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR and Jurisprudence.
Total Marks150 marks120 marks
Marking scheme+1 mark for a correct answer. -0.25 marks for an incorrect answer. +1 mark for a correct answer. -0.25 marks for an incorrect answer. 
CLAT 2023

Exam Pattern: CLAT 2023


  • The paper comes in the English language.
  • For 2 hours duration.
  • In offline mode.
  • Questions come in MCQs format from the given passages.
  • It consists of 150 MCQs for 150 marks.
  • Subjects & weightage it consists is- English Language (28-32 questions. and 20% weightage), Current Affairs including General Knowledge (35-39 questions and 25% weightage), Legal Reasoning (35-39 questions and 25% weightage), Logical Reasoning (28-32 questions and 20% weightage), Quantitative Techniques (13-17 questions 10% weightage).
  • Each question contains one mark, and 0.25 marks are deducted for every wrong answer.


  • Paper comes in the English language.
  • For 2 hours duration.
  • In offline mode.
  • It consists of 120 MCQs for 120 marks.
  • Subject & weightage it consists are- Constitutional Law (40 questions for 40 marks), Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, I.P.R. and Jurisprudence (60 questions for 60 marks), Law topics and Contemporary issues (20 questions for 20 marks).
  • Each question contains 1mark, and 0.25 marks are deducted for every wrong answer.

Each section of the CLAT UG question will include multiple passages of 300-400 words each. A set of multiple-choice questions will follow these passages. CLAT PG only includes MCQs, essay or descriptive section has been removed from it.

Syllabus: CLAT 2023

SubjectsNumber of QuestionsMarksWeightage (%)
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge35-3935 – 3923.33 – 26
English Language28-3228 – 3218.66 – 21.33
Logical Reasoning28-3228 – 3218.66 – 21.33
Quantitative Techniques13-1713 – 178.66 – 11.33
Legal Reasoning35-3935 – 3923.33 – 26

CLAT 2023 Syllabus

CLAT SectionsImportant Topics
English LanguageGrammar (correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, fill in the blanks, etc.)Vocabulary
Current Affairs including General KnowledgeStatic GK (Arts & Culture and History)Knowledge of all events happening nationally and internationally
Logical ReasoningRelationshipsAnalogiesLogical SequencesArguments
Legal ReasoningGeneral awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues
Quantitative TechniquesRatios and ProportionsBasic AlgebraMensurationStatistics

CLAT 2023 Books

CLAT SectionsImportant CLAT Books
English LanguageEnglish Grammar by Wren & MartinWord Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis
Current Affairs including General KnowledgeGeneral Knowledge 2021-2022, 2020-2021 by Arihant PublicationsManorama Year Book
Logical ReasoningA Modern Approach to Logical Reasoning by RS AggarwalArihant’s A New Approach to Verbal and Analytical Reasoning
Legal ReasoningPearson’s Legal Awareness and Legal ReasoningPearson’s Guide to the CLAT
Quantitative TechniquesNCERT Class 10 BookQuantitative Aptitude by RS Aggarwal

CLAT 2023 UG

  1. English language– A passage of about 450 words each is provided, followed by a series of questions that require the comprehension and language skills of the candidates and to read and summarise the passage and lastly answer the questions based on it.
  2. Current affairs including General Knowledge– A 450 words passage is derived from news and other sources, and it requires awareness on current affairs, art and culture and other international matters.
  3. Legal reasoning– A 450-word fact-based passage is given to test candidates’ general awareness of legal and moral issues.
  4. Logical Reasoning– A 300 words short passage requires the candidates to critically analyze the reasoning and draw conclusions to answer the questions.
  5. Quantitative Techniques– Include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by questions. It requires the candidates to conclude such diagrams and passages.

CLAT 2023 PG

  1. Questions shall be provided as extracts from primary legal materials like – court decisions in various fields of law, statutes or regulations.
  2. These questions shall demand candidates to demonstrate – 
  • Ability to read and comprehend the issues.
  • Awareness of the issues discussed in the passage.
  • Summarise the passage, and 
  • Ability to apply your knowledge of the fields of law.

For candidates appearing in CLAT, it is essential to understand the exam pattern of CLAT. This article provides all the vital information related to the test modalities such as mode, duration, making scheme, number of questions and others. It also provides information about the type of questions asked in the examination and tested skills. Candidates should be particularly mindful of the type of questions asked in CLAT.

SectionCLAT 2023 Best Books
Legal AptitudeUniversal’s CLAT Guide, Legal Awareness and Legal Reasoning by A.P. Bhardwaj
Logical ReasoningVerbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning by R.S. Aggarwal, Analytical Reasoning by M. K. Pandey
Elementary MathematicsQuantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations (English) by RS Aggarwal
English LanguageWord Power Made Easy, High School English Grammar, and Composition by Wren & Martin

CLAT 2023 Syllabus: English Language

Particulars Details
Number of questions asked28-32 
Weightage18.66 – 21.33 %
Type of questions askedPassage-based questionsLength – Each passage will be around 450 words.Source – The passages will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing.Estimated time needed to read a passage – 5-7 minutes.  Questions – Each passage will be followed by a series of questions  
Skills testedComprehension and language skills.Ability to read and comprehend the arguments and viewpoints discussed in the passage.The capacity to draw inferences and conclusionsThe ability to summarise a passage.The ability to compare and contrast various arguments or viewpointsComprehension of words and phrases.
Question areasMay cover various topics, including technical and scientific matters.No prior knowledge is needed.
Difficulty level12th Standard 

CLAT 2023 Syllabus: Currents Affairs including General Knowledge

Features Details
Number of questions asked35-39
Weightage23.33 – 26 %
Type of questions askedPassage-based questionsLength – Each passage will be around 450 words.Source – The passages will be derived from news, journalistic sources, and other non-fiction writing.Prior knowledge of law subjects – While questions may include examination of legal information or knowledge, you don’t need any prior knowledge to answer these questions. The answers to each question will be hidden in the passage.   Estimated time needed to read a passage – 5-7 minutes.  Questions – Each passage will be followed by a series of questions  
Skills testedAwareness of various aspects of current affairs and GK, includingContemporary events of national and international significanceArts and cultureInternational affairsHistorical events of continuing significance
Question areas– News, journalistic sources, and other non-fiction writing- Intended to test your depth of understanding of issues and events of significance, rather than mere fact or trivia-based knowledge of such issues and events.Questions may ask you to:Fill in missing information in blanksIdentify causes and consequences of the events described in the passagesAnswer questions about personalities and events associated with the events in the passageAnswer questions about awards, recognitions, and other events of significance associated with persons mentioned in the passage.Answer questions related to laws and other events of legal significance (such as judgments) associated with events mentioned in the passage.Questions may also relate to matters associated with events mentioned in the passage. While the focus will be on recent and current events, some questions with historical significance may also be asked. These questions will gauge your understanding of the causes of such events. 

CLAT 2023 Syllabus: Quantitative Techniques

Particulars Details
Number of questions asked13 – 17
Weightage8.66 – 11.33%
Type of questions askedThe section will include:Short sets of facts or propositionsGraphsOther textual materialPictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical informationThese items will be followed by a series of questions  
Skills tested The section will test the candidate’s ability to:Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical informationApply 10th standard mathematical operation, including ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration, and statistical estimation.
Question areasNumber theory and basic arithmeticAverages and PercentagesRatio and ProportionMixtures and alligationsTime and workTime, distance, and speedFractions and equationsMonetary evaluationsProbabilityPermutation and combinations
Difficulty level10th standard

CLAT 2023 Syllabus: Legal Reasoning

Number of questions asked35-39 
Weightage23.33 – 26 %
Type of questions askedPassage-based questionsLength – Each passage will be around 450 words.Source – The passages may relate to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions, or moral philosophical inquiries. Prior knowledge of law – No prior knowledge is needed to answer these passage-based questions. The answers will be hidden in the passage.   However, general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues may help you better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios.Estimated time needed to read a passage – 5-7 minutes.  Questions – Each passage will be followed by a series of questions  
Skills testedIdentify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passageApply such rules and principles to various fact situations; andUnderstand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations.
Question areasQuestions will be based on:- News articles and books associated with topics of law- Certain passages will be created specifically for the exam- the candidate has to find the facts and applicable rules. Until 2019, the proposition and factual context were clearly presented.- The purpose is not to test the knowledge of law but the application of rules to a factual context based on the constraints presented to you.
Difficulty level12th Standard 

CLAT 2023 Syllabus: Logical Reasoning

Number of questions asked28-32
Weightage18.66 – 21.33 %
Type of questions askedPassage-based questions. Length – Each passage will be around 300 words.Questions – Each passage will be followed by a series of questions  
Skills testedRecognize an argument, its premises, and conclusions;Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage;Critically analyze patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence;Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations;Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence and assess the effectiveness of arguments. 
Question areasSources include opinion and editorial pieces from newspapers and magazines, and essays on moral philosophy available online and in various books. Some passages will be created specifically for the exam.Examples of source material include:Ethics in the real world – 82 brief essays on Things That Matter by Peter SingerArticles and Editorials taken from The Economist, a leading international newspaperHistory for Health published by the TelegraphWhere I am – An editorial published in the Indian Express. 

CLAT 2023 exam pattern details

Factors5-year LLBOne-year LLM
Exam modeOfflineOffline
Type of questionsObjective type testObjective type test
Total number of question150 MCQs120 MCQs (No descriptive questions were asked in 2021)
Exam duration2 hours2 hours
Negative marking+1 mark for a correct answer-0.25 marks for incorrect answer+1 mark for a correct answer-0.25 marks for incorrect answer

CLAT 2023 Colleges and Seat Intake

CLAT CoursesTotal Seat Intake at NLUs
BA LLB (Hons) (Bachelor of Arts LLB Honours)2,644
BSc LLB (Hons) (Bachelor of Science LLB Honours)
BCom LLB (Hons) (Bachelor of Commerce LLB Honours)
BBA LLB (Hons) (Bachelor of Business Administration LLB Honours)
BSW LLB (Bachelor of Social Work LLB Honours)
LLM (Master of Laws)914

CLAT 2023 Participating NLUs

HPNLU Shimla- Himachal Pradesh National Law University, Shimla- Ranking, Courses, Fees, AdmissionTNNLU- Tamil Nadu National Law University, Tiruchirappalli- Ranking, Courses, Fees, Admission
CNLU- Chanakya National Law University, Patna- Ranking, Courses, Fees, AdmissionNLU Jodhpur- National Law University, Jodhpur: Ranking, Courses, Fees, Admission
NLSIU- National Law School Of India University, Bangalore- Ranking, Courses, Fees, AdmissionDBRANLU- Dr B. R. Ambedkar National Law University Sonipat, Haryana- Ranking, Courses, Fees, Admission
RMLNLU- Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow: Ranking, Courses, Fees, AdmissionMNLUA- Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad: Ranking, Courses, Fees, Admission
RGNUL Patiala- Rajiv Gandhi National University Of Law, Patiala: Admission, Courses, FeesHNLU Raipur- Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur – Ranking, Courses, Fees, Admission
NLU Odisha- National Law University Odisha, Cuttack- Admission, Courses, FeesNLIU- National Law Institute University, Bhopal- Ranking, Courses, Fees, Admission
NLU Delhi- National Law University, Delhi – Admission, Courses, FeesNUALS Kochi: NUALS- Ranking, Courses, Fees, Admission 2022, Cut off
NLUJ- National Law University & Judicial Academy, Assam- Ranking, Courses, Fees, AdmissionDSNLU- Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University Visakhapatnam- Ranking, Courses, Fees, Admission

CLAT 2023 Participating NLUs

NLUsNIRF Ranking’20NIRF Ranking 2021NIRF Ranking 2023
NLSIU Bengaluru111
NLU Delhi222
NLU Hyderabad334
NLU Jodhpur5810
WBNUJS Kolkata645
GNLU Gandhinagar768
NLU Patiala101618
NLU Lucknow111517
NLU Cuttack141825
NLU Guwahati162024

CLAT 2023 Cutoff

Sl. No.NLUsOpening RankClosing Rank
1NLSIU Bengaluru185
2NALSAR Hyderabad08162
3WBNUJS Kolkata117257
4NLU Jodhpur155378
5NLIU Bhopal217451
6GNLU, Gandhinagar33430
7RMLNLU, Lucknow377756
8HNLU, Raipur430837
9RGNUL, Patiala4371184
10NLUO, Odisha4701193
11MNLU, Mumbai64548
12NUALS, Kochi4131315
13CNLU, Patna9321412
14MNLU, Nagpur (B.A.LL.B)7961657
15(TNNLU), Tiruchirappalli8072024
16NUSRL, Ranchi9331729
17DSNLU, Visakhapatnam10021617
18NLUJA, Assam11311917
19HPNLU, Shimla10562477
20NLU, Sonipat10942481
21MPDNLU, Jabalpur13142399
22MNLU, Aurangabad13902500

CLAT 2023 Exam Centre

Greater NoidaHaldwaniPatna
JabalpurJalandharNew Delhi
JaipurJammuNavi Mumbai
Hubli / DharwadPuducherryRajahmundry

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